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  • Rochester Educational Article of the Month - What Diseases do Bats Carry?

What Diseases do Bats Carry?

What Diseases do Bats Carry?

Bats and our environment:
Bats play a very important role in our New York ecosystem. They clean our Rochester environment from harmful insects and ests that can create health problems for the humans. On the other hand it is also true that bats are associated with the diseases that are deadly to humans. So one should be careful when bats are near.

Diseases caused by bats:
For some obvious reasons, bats are the source of spreading some fatal diseases. The two very common concerns are lungs disease Histoplasmosis that can come from the guano of bats and the other is rabies virus that happens being bitten by the infected bat in its virulent stage.

Rabies is the most well- known disease associated with this wild Rochester creature, bat. Along with other animals like foxes, skunks, raccoons and dogs, bats are one of the primary animals which transmit rabies. Exposure to rabies more commonly occurs when a person got bitten by a rabid animal. The disease can be transmitted through the saliva of a rabid animal when it comes in contact with person’s eyes, nose, mouth or fresh wound. In case a person is exposed to this disease, timely administration of the vaccine known as post- exposure prophylaxis (PEP) able to prevent infection. Keep in mind rabies is almost always fatal, once a person becomes affected and the symptoms begin to appear.

Another disease associate with New York bats is Histoplasmosis. Though the disease primarily affects lungs, its symptoms vary greatly. Other organs occasionally affected. The disease can be fatal if not treated immediately. Moreover, Histoplasmosis is spread by a fungus which grows in the soil and the material contaminated with the droppings of the animals, including bats. The bat droppings or the guano used to contaminate the soil and may cause infectious spores to be released when soil is disturbed. Antifungal medications are used in order to treat several forms of disease, though most of the infected persons have not any apparent ill effects.

Bats and diseases aroundthe world:
Some diseases that are associated with bats are found exclusively in certain regions of world. Research suggests that the nuisance creature might be the source of a number of hemorrhagic fevers that affect o multiple organ system of the body and often lead to life- threatening diseases such as:

• Marburg hemorrhagic fever
• Ebola hemorrhagic fever
• Nipah
• Hendra
• Coronavirus
• Lyssaviruses

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